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This day in history: November 5th

India launched its first interplanetary spacecraft, the Mars Orbiter Mission, which was unmanned.

The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also known as Mangalyaan (from the Sanskrit mangala, “Mars,” and yana, “craft, vehicle”), was a space probe that orbited Mars beginning September 24, 2014. The Indian Space Research Organisation launched it on November 5, 2013. (ISRO). It was India’s first interplanetary mission, and it made ISRO the fourth space agency after Roscosmos, NASA, and the European Space Agency to reach Mars orbit. It made India the first Asian country and the first country in the world to enter Martian orbit on its first attempt.

Social critic Sinclair Lewis won the Nobel Prize for Literature, the first American to receive the honour.

Lewis felt honored to be the first American to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Swedish Academy awarded the honour on him in 1930 in recognition of the five excellent books he authored in the 1920s: Main Street, Babbitt, Arrowsmith, Elmer Gantry, and Dodsworth. Lewis received the award from King Gustav of Sweden in Stockholm, and his second wife, Dorothy Thompson, accompanied him. During the award ceremony, Erik Karlfeldt, a poet and Academy secretary, gave a detailed overview of Lewis’ five main works. Karlfeldt praised Lewis for a variety of reasons, including his critique of American institutions and industry, his satire, and, of course, his writing style. Karlfeldt praised Lewis’s command of the language in the formation of Babbitt’s character.

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