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War…anarchy…poverty… Sudan to collapse

New York: Three weeks after the start of the conflict, the military conflict in Sudan has not eased. Despite a formal leadership agreement to end the war, shootings and explosions continue, including in the capital city. Because of the chaos, a large number of people are fleeing the country. People are fleeing to neighbouring countries, including Egypt, Chad, and the Central African Republic. At least 73,000 people, including Sudanese citizens and refugees, are believed to have already arrived in these countries. The UNHCR estimates that 800,000 people will flee.

The fighting is between the Sudanese army and paramilitary forces. The decision to merge the semi-military unit into the army opened the way for the conflict. The war between military units in Sudan began on April 15. The conflict between Sudan’s army chief, Abdul Fattah al-Burhan, and the commander of the paramilitary Rapid Support Force, Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, sparked the uprising in the country. Over 500 people have already been reported dead.

Even before the conflict began, Sudan had 1.13 million refugees. People are scrambling to escape by road, plane, and sea. Hundreds of thousands of people lack access to food and water. Power outages are also complicating matters. The situation in Sudan has been further complicated by the deployment of the Central Reserve Police Force by the military in Khartoum to prevent citizens from protecting their property.

The US Treasury Department authorised the creation of the central reserve last year to deal with serious human rights abuses that have suppressed democratic protests since the 2021 coup that brought Burhan and Daglo to power.

Daglo’s RSF was formed out of the Janjaweed that Omar al-Bashir, a terrorist known for war crimes and genocide, has waged in Darfur since 2003. The RSF also includes those who support the government’s fight against the Houthi rebels.
UN warning

Sudan is a country of over 16 million people who are suffering from food insecurity and poverty. The UN warns that the current conflict will cause more people to go hungry. Only 16% of Khartoum’s health facilities are operational. The Eastern Mediterranean Regional Director of the World Health Organisation has warned that the country’s health sector is also heading towards a major disaster.

According to UNHCR chief Filippo Granti, the current humanitarian crisis will lead to the country’s collapse. Stephane Dujarric, the spokesman of UN chief Antonio Guterres, also stated that the events in Sudan are worrying. Martin Griffiths, the head of the UN humanitarian department, has also arrived in Sudan.

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